INGENIOUS PROPOSALS

Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes and Mosquito Transmitted Diseasses

Even though many believe sharks and tigers are the deadliest animals for humans, the truth is they aren’t. Mosquitoes are by far the deadliest animals for humans (Ref. 1). There are many infectious diseases transmitted by mosquitoes. Many illnesses like malaria, dengue, sika, chikungunya, yellow fever, Nile fever and many others are transmitted by blood seeking female mosquitoes. These diseases lead to the death of millions of human beings.

The reader is referred to many excellent books and articles describing these topics, like those cited for mosquito transmitted diseases (Refs. 3, 4 and 5) or those cited for details on mosquito physiology (Refs. 5, 6 and 7).

Vaccines will probably be available at some point in the future to protect us from these maladies. But meanwhile the best option is to avoid mosquito bites. Many strategies are available to avoid mosquitoes like the use of sleeping nets, window nets, natural or manmade repellents, covering exposed skin with clothing or the use of light colored wear to reduce the occurrence of their attacks (Refs. 8, 9 and 10).

Other strategies are aimed at killing mosquitoes or preventing their reproduction. These include the removal of open water accumulation sites, the use artifacts with UV light or CO2 sources that attract and kill insects, the use of electric rackets, the use of insecticides (larvicides, adulticides) and the seeding of fish, animals or insects that feed on mosquitoes or their larvae (Refs 11, 12 and 13). There are also more recent biological or genetic approaches to mosquito eradication (Refs 14, 15 and 16)

Houses and buildings can be made more or less inaccessible to mosquitoes. More or less because even tough windows can be covered with nets, doors have to be opened for people to come in and out, leaving a way for mosquitoes to come in. The proposal described here is a door that has a remarkable ability. It alows people to come in and out and, at the same time, does not allow mosquitoes to enter the house or the building. This door can be very useful for schools, hospitals, public buildings and housing. A detailed design of this door can be seen in the attached documents.

References

  1. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2615737/Forget-sharks-mosquitoes-SNAILS-worlds-deadliest-animals-Graphic-reveals-human-races-biggest-killers.html
  2. “Vector-borne Diseases”, American Mosquito Control Association, https://www.mosquito.org/vector-borne-diseases/
  3. “Mosquito-borne diseases”, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/outdoor/mosquito-borne/
  4. “What It Takes to Wipe Out Malaria”, https://www.gatesnotes.com/What-It-Takes-to-Kill-Malaria-Mosquito-Week, April 25, 2014
  5. “Anopheles gambiae, African malaria mosquito”, MetaPathogen, http://www.metapathogen.com/mosquito/anopheles/
  6. “Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762)”, Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (WRBU), Smithsonian Institution, (2021), https://www.wrbu.si.edu/vectorspecies/mosquitoes/aegypti
  7. “Mosquito Biology”,Rutgers, Entomology Mosquito Homepage, http://www-rci.rutgers.edu/~insects/mosbiol.htm
  8. “Tips to Prevent Mosquito Bites”, Environmental Protection Agency https://www.epa.gov/insect-repellents/tips-prevent-mosquito-bites
  9. “Keeping Mosquitoes Out of Your Yard”, National Pesticide Information Center, http://npic.orst.edu/pest/mosquito/index.html#control
  10. “10 Scents That Repel Mosquitoes”, https://www.mosquitomagnet.com/articles/10-scents-that-repel-mosquitoes
  11. “Pesticides used in mosquito control”, National Pesticide Information Center, http://npic.orst.edu/pest/mosquito/mosqcides.html
  12. “Plant-Based Bioinsecticides for Mosquito Control: Impact on Insecticide Resistance and Disease Transmission”, Meryem Ş. Şengül Demirak and Emel Canpolat, Insects. 2022 Feb; 13(2): 162.
  13. “The Best Bug Zappers in 2022”, https://informinc.org/home-devices/best-bug-zapper/
  14. “Should we kill every mosquito on Earth?”, Joe Phelan, February 27, 2022. https://www.livescience.com/what-if-all-mosquitoes-died
  15. “The Wolbachia method”, https://www.worldmosquitoprogram.org/en/work/wolbachia-method/how-it-works
  16. “First genetically modified mosquitoes released in US”, Nicoletta Lanese, May 05, 2021 https://www.livescience.com/first-genetically-modified-mosquitoes-us.html
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